I heard Dr. Sanford speak at a Bible-Science Association meeting a few years back and thought his presentation on genetic entropy was outstanding. His testimony about how the Lord saved him and brought him out of Darwinian evolution, to theistic evolution, to progressive creationism, to biblical, young-earth creationism is also equally compelling.
I have been meaning to get his book and read through it, but haven’t picked it up yet. I saw this review in Doug Kutilek’s most recent As I See It email newsletter and thought I would share.
Dr. John C. Sanford, Ph.D. in plant breeding and plant genetics (University of Wisconsin) was for more than 25 years professor at Cornell University (the same school where evolutionist astronomer Carl Sagan taught). He obtained more than 30 patents for his scientific work in plant genetic engineering.
Having been indoctrinated exclusively in biological evolution throughout his education, he accepted this hypothesis without question, but his own professional discoveries and growing and extensive direct knowledge of genetics led him to slowly but surely abandon that view, and its “primary axiom,” namely that all the genetic information–DNA–in the cells of all living things arose spontaneously from lifeless chemicals, strictly by undirected chance and became increasing complex over time by random mutations and “natural selection,” resulting in the incredible complexity of life on earth we see today.
Rather than life and DNA arising and diachronically increasing in complexity by natural means, Dr. Sanford came to see that not only could the genomes of plants and animals NOT arise by natural means, it could not even be maintained by natural means.
The problem is genetic mutations, which occur continually in living organisms. The vast and detailed information encoded in DNA is under constant assault from a variety of “natural “ enemies–radiation, chemicals, biological missteps in cell replication and more–resulting in the degrading of the code. Theoretically–that is, according to neo-Darwinian claims (or rather, hopes!)–a certain number of these random changes should actually improve the organism, and eventuate cumulatively in better functions, new functions, new structures and new species.
But in truth, virtually ALL (and essentially ALL) random genetic mutations are negative, interrupting, hindering, or restricting the normal function of cells and organisms. The great majority of negative mutations are very minor–in humans, for example, such things as red hair, blue eyes or color-blindness–which do not immediately affect the survival or reproduction of the organism, and so these mutations–corruptions—of the genetic code are NOT “weeded out” and eliminated by “survival of the fittest,” but accumulate generation by generation.
Like the typographical errors in a printed book (and this cyber-magazine!), most genetic mutations are of minor importance and do not affect the intelligibility of the sentence or paragraph they occur in, but if with each new printing (generation) another 10 or 20 typos are added to the text and with no “natural selection” proof-reader able to correct or eliminate them, eventually they will accumulate to the hundreds and then thousands, and ultimately will mar and finally destroy the intelligibility of words, sentences, paragraphs and chapters.
Citing the work of leading human geneticists (all committed Darwinists), Sanford points out that current evidence strongly supports the conclusion that the maximum viability of the human species under the assault of genetic mutation–the accumulating “genetic load” or “genetic entropy”–is about 300 generations, start to finish, before the DNA code will be corrupted, even by the accumulation of merely “minor” changes, to the point that the human species will die off (each human in each generation who reproduces adds between 100 and 300 new genetic defects–some would place that number at 1,000 or higher–to the human gene pool!).
If a human generation be defined as 25-30 years, on average, that would mean 7,500 to 9,000 years maximum from the first man to the last of our species. One human geneticist, informed and alarmed by the rapid, irreversible degeneration of human DNA estimated than 91% of all human genetic defects have occurred in the past 5,000 years. It doesn’t take a degree in math to see that only a few centuries, or at most a millennium or two added at the beginning of that 5,000 years, would more than suffice to account for the appearance of that remaining 9% of mutations we currently carry in our DNA.
In his own specialty of plant genetics, Dr. Sanford points out that for a century botanists, accepting the foundational neo-Darwinian premise of improvement via mutation, sought to hurry up the natural process by inducing mutations in plants via chemicals and radiation, and thereby create superior strains of existing plants and even create new species. Oh, yes, they did generate a multitude of mutations. Many were immediately fatal to the survival of the organisms, others greatly reduced their capacity to compete and reproduce in the wild, but not one single mutation in a century of trying increased the efficiency, complexity or viability of the plant. All such efforts have now been abandoned as futile.
If intelligent, directed attempts by the best scientific minds to create new and better plants via mutation utterly failed, how much more impossible is it to conclude that mindless, undirected chance will accomplish it?
This is likely THE most outstanding and important book on scientific creationism that I have read in the past decade. While at times moderately technical–it has a good glossary in the back–the presentation is clear, forceful, well-documented and very impressive. If Sanford is right–and the evidence is highly persuasive–then man’s complete genome must have been directly created intact, perfect and fully formed only a few thousand years ago.
Neo-Darwinian evolution is discredited as simply IMPOSSIBLE, either from the standpoint of an adequate means, or sufficient time (unless one invokes “magic”). The Genesis account of the direct creation of man by God in the recent past (thousands, not millions of years), and his subsequent fall and degradation and corruption is in full harmony with this scientific evidence. Excellent, excellent. By all means get and study this volume. [AISI, Volume 16, Number 6].