The Exclusivity Argument [2]

av1611

Part [1] can be read here

Continuing in my overview of King James Onlyism, you will recall that it is a belief primarily practiced among independent fundamental churches. It is the conviction that the English translation, the King James Version, is the only accurate and trustworthy copy of God’s infallible revelation to men. God’s Word is only to be found in this one English translation and all other Bible translations both English and non-English are suspect as containing error.

In order to evaluate KJVO as a system of belief, I have broken the KJV apologetics down into what I believe are 6 key arguments used by KJV advocates to defend their convictions.

The last post on this subject took up the first argument, the exclusivity argument. This is probably the primary, presuppositional argument the other following five builds upon. It is the idea that the KJV alone = the Word of God alone, or in other words, the KJV translation is alone the only translation that contains the Word of God alone. Thus, anyone who wishes to truly know what God has revealed must go to the King James as his final authority.

Prominent KJV champion, D.A. Waite, outlines this argument in his book Defending the King James Bible under the description of the four-fold superiority of the KJV. According to Waite, the King James is superior to all other English language translations (and non-English language translations for that matter) in four categories:

The KJV is superior in its original language base texts of Hebrew and Greek.

The translators who translated the KJV.

The technique of how the KJV was translated.

The overall theology the King James conveys.

Those four areas, argues Waite, demonstrate beyond doubt that God has chosen the King James alone to be the Bible that carries His divine revelation to mankind. Hence, once again we see the formula, the KJV alone = the Word of God alone.

Despite how scholarly Waite’s argumentation may sound to the unlearned reader, it is factually wrong; and blunderously so, as we will see.

This time, I wanted to look at a couple of KJVO rebuttals to my assertion that the exclusivity argument is flawed.

So, Where’s your Bible?

First, is what I guess I could call the Where’s your infallible Bible? stumper question. This is usually the starting question people hear when they first engage a KJVO advocate. I have encountered this stumper question a lot on discussion boards. The KJV proponent will simply ask “Can you show me a copy of God’s infallible Word?” or maybe ask, “Where can I get a copy of God’s infallible Word?”

The question is designed to be a set up. The translation debate novice will respond by saying something like, “Well, I read the NASB,” or some other non-KJV translation. The KJVO apologist springs his logic trap with a canned-overloaded response comparing alleged corrupted verses in the stated non-KJV translation with readings in the KJV.

The newcomer to the translation debate, if he is even familiar with textual criticism, is so overwhelmed he can never truly answer the KJVO advocate with any meaningful substance. The KJV onlyist then seizes upon his lack of a response as a way to gloat about how the only true, infallible Bible is the KJV.

On the surface, the question appears to be a good one. The Christian is a Bible lover and holds tightly to the doctrines of infallibility and inerrancy. Yet, when the KJVO advocate shows what appear to be conflicting verses and says something like, both of these Bibles cannot be infallible, the Bible-loving, non-KJV Christian is stumped. How can there be two Bibles defined as God’s infallible Word when they so contradict each other?

There are two approaches I use to turn this stumper question around:

First, Any time I have encountered a KJV advocate who throws the “can you show me a copy of God’s infallible word” stumper question my way, my response is to ask him to define what he means by infallible. If he has also thrown out the descriptions, inerrant, pure and preserved, I also ask him to define those terms as well.

Most of the time, but not always, he tends to become agitated when I ask this, because it puts him on the defense. He is attempting to argue for God’s Word being found exclusively in one English translation.  However, it is his burden to demonstrate with reason why I must abandon my favored, non-KJV translation because it doesn’t fit the qualifications of infallible, inerrant, and so forth.  Now, he can chide and mock me by saying I believe in poly-scriptura not sola scriptura or what ever, but he is still in the position of establishing why his view of the biblical text is correct and mine is in error.

Secondly, when he produces the big comparison chart showing how my selected translation supposedly departs from orthodoxy, it is also his burden to show why the KJV reading is to be favored over the non-KJV reading. Notice once again how the KJV advocate is engaged in circular reasoning. He assumes the superiority of the KJV text without question as the standard by which to judge and criticize all other translations, presupposing any departure from its reading is a move toward unorthodoxy and heresy.

This is also where I will call upon the KJVO advocate to define what he means by corruption, and ask whether or not it was an intentional corruption, meaning, did heretical copyist intentionally change the text. Pretty much all KJVO advocates hold to some conspiracy theory about how apostates attempted to alter the Bible to introduce damnable heresy.

If that is the case, I will further ask him to demonstrate from the historical record where heretics have corrupted the Bible without being called out by other Christians. I will deal with the intentionally corrupting heretic charge in more detail at a later time, but here it is good to note the need to ask the advocate to prove his point.

Where’s your original autographs?

A second rebuttal by KJV advocates in defense of their view of exclusivity is what I call the, But the original autographs have turned to dust appeal. It can also be simply worded, There are no original autographs, just copies.

The idea with this no original autographs/just copies argument is put forth as an illustration of why Christians must submit to the unique perspective of KJV onlyism defining preservation, transmission and translation. Paul’s original letter to Titus no longer exists, argue KJVO advocates, and all we have are copies, with many of them differing with one another due to textual variants. To say God’s Word is only inerrant and infallible in the original autographs robs the Bible we hold in our hands today from the description of being God’s infallible and inerrant Word.

KJVO advocates also attempt to argue the idea of purity only being found in the original autographs is something new with Christians. In other words, all Christians before 1850 or so would treat the copies of scripture as same as the original autographs and conclude the copies are just as error free as the original autographs, especially the copies representing the text used to translate the KJV. According to KJV advocates, the appeal to the original autographs was a concession to modernistic Bible critics who were attacking the veracity of the biblical text.

Let me identify a couple of problems with this line of argument.

First, KJV onlyists have the bad habit of muddling the distinction between what is called the autographic text (the words of the document) from the autographic codex (the physical documents). I have addressed this distinction in a post called a defense of inerrancy against an errancy believing Unitarian. I also point out in a second article that liberals often utilize the same argumentation against the scriptures as KJV onlyists do supposedly in defense of the scriptures.

Be that as it may, KJV onlyists give the impression with their publications that if we do not hold in our hands an exact Xerox copy of Paul’s epistles to Timothy, then we cannot say with honestly we have God’s Word in our hands. The loss of the autographic codex with out a faithful, word-for-word copy made available means the loss of the autographic text. Thus, unless one subscribes to the KJVO view of preservation, where God is supernaturally preserving His Word through a genealogical family of original language manuscripts, then no one can say with certainty the Bible is free from corruption.

We will get into this in more detail when I come to textual criticism and the KJVO view of preservation, but suffice it to say for now, this belief not only cuts against all of what we know about the transmission of ancient, handwritten documents, but hovers in the realm of the subjective. It is factually mistaken to say the loss of the original autographs entails the loss of God’s Word, because the over abundance of biblical textual evidence witnesses against such a claim.

The Christian Church has a massive wealth of textual evidence. Textual critical techniques allow Christians to determine to near perfection what the originals did say and that in turn rubs against the KJVO view of preservation because it does not necessarily favor the base texts used to translate the KJV.

Additionally, this belief is subjective in that it forces one to believe with blind faith in the idea of God superintending the transmission of the Bible through individual copyists and eventually a group of translators selected by a king for political purposes. As I noted last time, God does not call us to believe blindly.

Secondly, as to the claim that Christians never believed in the concept of original autographs before 1850, any cursory reading of the sermons preached by early pastors and theologians would reveal this was not so. Augustine, Ambrose, Venerable Bede, John Wycliffe, John Owen, and John Gill, just to name a handful of preachers and commentators from before 1850, talked about the purity of God’s Word being found in the originals and that copyists made mistakes. Moreover, none of them ever believed God’s revelation was to be found exclusively in one translation. That is a conviction completely novel to KJV onlyism.

Advertisements

6 thoughts on “The Exclusivity Argument [2]

  1. Pingback: Answering the Claims of KJV-Onlyism | hipandthigh

  2. John Smyth, founder of perhaps the first explicitly General Baptist church while in exile in Amsterdam in 1609, wrote of translations:

    “No Translation can possibly expresse all the matter of the holy originals, nor a thousand thinges in the Grammar, Rhethorick, & character of the tong (?). A translation so far forth as it doth truly & fully expresse any thing of the originals may be saide inspired of God & no further,” (Leon MacBeth, A Sourcebook for Baptist Heritage [Nashville, TN: Broadman, 1990], 17).

    Came across this while researching a paper for Seminary; very interesting! The KJVO position has no historical merit. Good series. Appreciate it.

  3. Again its a shame that your article focuses on winning arguments or defending non-KJV translations, instead of on whether or not the some 200 whole and half verses belong in the bible or not.

    Once we concede that modern versions are what they are, i.e., modern updated translations,
    and that that is their main selling point in contrast to the KJV, then its natural to ask which text is indeed the most complete and most accurate.
    When confronted with this question, the truth-seeking Christian must turn to answering it, or ask for the evidences and arguments, not presume that the only issue is translation. Indeed most serious KJV supporters know the real issues and know that a fundamental one is what Greek text to base the New Testament on, just as it is equally important what text to base the O.T. on.

    Its not about winning debates or converting/perverting others to your side because they are ignorant of the facts or dumb enough to believe you. Its about solving and resolving these issues so that ALL Christians can be of one mind on the subject, and that should be accomplished by sharing a single objective reality in regard to data, evidence, history and arguments and policies, not fads or ideologies that the entire body of Christ can never share.

    Since there already are ‘modern’ versions of the KJV or Majority/Traditional NT text, it is plainly a non sequitor to say that modern versions should be adopted on the basis of their translation. This is a false argument.

    The real issue for any Christian is what are the differences, how do they affect the overall text, and are the missing verses authentic? No Christian in their right mind should agree to accept a mutilated or incomplete text when they can have a complete one if that is the discovered finding.

    When we then turn to the 200 verses/half-verses, we find that most of them are indeed best explained as accumulated omissions due to the hand-copying process. There is no real convincing reason to leave them out, or accept hypotheses about a “lost text” that needs to be recovered. In general, the majority of copyists did a good job, and although the majority of older manuscripts are now lost, the prima face evidence suggests we actually HAVE essentially the original text, and that these common omissions are just the cost of doing business when hand-copying. Of course any and every individual copy of the NT will have errors, but the vast majority of such errors are easily eliminated by comparison among the many thousands of copies, so that only a very few variants have any legitimate ‘doubt’.
    Take a look at this page which displays that the vast majority of the omissions which were used to shorten the text in the 19th century were in fact obvious homeoteleuton errors:

    http://textualcriticism.scienceontheweb.net/AF/homoioteleuton_files/index.html

  4. Good points. There is no way the KJV is the best translation when it comes to God’s word. Besides, the original Hebrew and Greek words have meanings that can only be truly understood within a historical-cultural context. In truth, it would probably be better to compare many modern versions against the KJV to get a more accurate translation. But even then it might not be possible to get a true translation. The original language is so rich!

  5. Pingback: Reviewing “Which Bible Would Jesus Use?” [2] | hipandthigh

  6. Pingback: Answering the Claims of KJV-Onlyism | hipandthigh

Leave me a Comment

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s