My Concerns with Popular, Christian Worldview Apologetics

I have been witnessing a growing trend among red state, evangelical churches with the rise of Christian Worldview apologetics. I often call the proponents “the neo-apologists.”  Most of those “apologists” are tied to the classical, Thomist school of apologetic methodology.

Their popularity within Christian circles is due primarily to the development of the internet, roughly 2000 to the present.  The web has allowed groups of Christian apologists to network with each other, for the purpose of disseminating information, tactics, and techniques for practicing apologetics with non-Christians.

Additionally, a number of Christian colleges have developed specialized “schools” or “programs” dealing exclusively with apologetics.  The programs can be a few weeks during the summer or more involved with 1 to 2 year degree programs aimed at providing students extensive training in the area of apologetic philosophy and instructions in the ways of cultural engagement.

On top of all of that, certain apologetic para-church “ministries” will pull together popular, well-known instructors in apologetics for weekend conferences throughout the country. The conferences will be centered around a theme addressing cultural challenges for Christians like same-sex marriage, abortion, and evolution.  The instructors provide talks designed to help pastors, youth pastors, and even lay people, to become their own apologists of sorts so they too can engage the culture with the Christian worldview.

Now. A lot of folks will ask, “Isn’t it a good thing Christians are being trained to think critically about their faith and equipped to defend Christianity in the marketplace of ideas?” Well, Yes.  I certainly agree that it can be a good thing having apologetically equipped believers engaging the world. I know a few of those ministries offer solid instruction that has benefited me personally.

Yet, in spite of those positive elements there are some areas of concern I want to address. Keep in mind I’m aiming broadly with my points. I realize there are notable exceptions that even I may be unaware. I base my concerns upon a general observation of this apologetic movement as a whole.  And… Rather than taking these concerns as mean-spirited criticisms, I hope they come across as blind-spots we can all bring into focus. Let me highlight four of them:

1) I don’t necessarily see the worldview apologists anchored in a local church.  I have to believe all of them are involved with a church in which they attend regularly and serve faithfully.  Looking over their websites and hearing their presentations, however, I don’t really encounter any emphasis placed upon a commitment to a body of believers.  Perhaps they believe church attendance is a secondary, back-seat issue that can be discussed at a later time because church isn’t immediately relevant to their apologetics.  If that is true, then I have to disagree.

If I am a youth pastor and I am told that my students will have a great opportunity to learn from a trusted Christian “apologist,” I’d kinda like to know where he attends church.  That tells me a little something about where the guy is coming from and what his doctrinal commitments may be.  Moreover, if that “apologist” convinces an unbeliever of the “reasonableness” of the Christian faith so that he believes upon Christ and becomes a Christian, where will that new convert be told to attend church? Will he be sent to a solid Bible teaching church? Where he attends church will play heavily in his growth as a new Christian. Hence,  I don’t consider that decision to be a secondary, back-seat issue.

2) They are not necessarily Scripture focused with their presentations. Another concern I have with the worldview apologists is the devaluing of Holy Scripture as the ground and pillar of our faith. Instead, their presentations are saturated in philosophical rhetoric and anthropocentric appeals to logic.

Simply put, they are supposed to be Christian apologists. The primary document for Christians is the Bible.  Why isn’t it sufficient in and off itself as the sole means to convince unbelievers of Christianity?  I just find it woefully inconsistent that a Christian apologist, whose chosen worldview is derived exclusively from the Bible, appeals to outside, non-biblical authorities in order to convince people to choose his Christian worldview which is defined exclusively from the Bible. It looks like to me such a position sets up one of those “circular arguments” classic apologists so tend to despise.

3) They invest way too much authority in novice, untested youth.  When I visited a few apologetic web portals that launched me out to a myriad of apologetic themed blogs and websites, an overwhelming number of them are maintained and operated by young, 20-something college grads.  I’m sure folks will say, “That’s awesome! All those young men and women taking on the challenges of our secular culture!”  Maybe that sounds encouraging, but I’m of a contrary opinion.

I think it lays hands upon people way too soon, particularly untested, immature youth, and sets them up as an “expert” in various fields of study.  Just because a 22 year old guy or gal attended an apologetic worldview degree program for a year and passed with flying colors doesn’t make the person an “expert” apologist.

But when I look at those websites, I see grad students hiring out their “expertise” to youth groups, Bible study fellowships, and churches, on subject like the reliability of the NT, proofs of God’s existence, and ID and evolution debates.  As a pastor, should I truly expect a 24 year old guy who did an intensive apologetic program over the summer at a Christian college to be an “expert” who will train my college students how to refute Bart Ehrman?

4) Lastly, there is an artificial “office of the apologist” that has been established.  The Bible tells us God has appointed elders to serve the local churches.  They are the pastors and teachers who shepherd and take care of the people.  God has not, however, appointed apologists to guard the flock.

Now I imagine most of the worldview apologists would not consider themselves in the “office of an apologist.” They see themselves as coming along side and helping churches grapple with the cultural challenges they face by teaching them how to defend their faith. Yet in spite of their best faith efforts to keep their role as apologist distinct from biblically ordained leadership, their position as a “trained specialist” sets them apart as a unique authority in the minds of people that is in the same category as a pastor.  That may not be their intention, but it is reality in many cases.

They’re not entirely to be blamed for this. Pastors and other leadership have helped to create the identity problem by shaking off their responsibility of teaching and training the people in sound doctrine.  Rather than the pastor himself engaging in the cultural challenges his church faces with a Scriptural framework, he passes off that duty to trained apologists who he can hire for a weekend seminar.

That’s not to say specialized apologists aren’t useful for Christians to hear.  They most certainly can be.  But pastors should be the ones teaching the people how to defend the faith and it is their duty to exhort their congregations on how to think theologically about apologetics in their daily lives. They definitely need to vet the maturity and abilities of any specialized apologist who claims to speak authoritatively.

Specialized, worldview apologists can be useful, but they should not be the lone individuals everyone looks to as the ones with all the answers.  They should be an available supplement for the pastor who is teaching Christians how to engage the unbeliever with their Faith.

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8 thoughts on “My Concerns with Popular, Christian Worldview Apologetics

  1. Pingback: Articles on Apologetics and Evangelism | hipandthigh

  2. Fred
    You series on this has been very good and useful; thank you for it. I wanted to briefly share my thoughts on what you have been saying in light of my experiences on WordPress. I never came to WordPress intending to engage atheists; I just showed up to write some Bible lessons and thoughts so that people I knew could read them. My thoughts were pretty small scale, really. Apparently, The Lord thought differently, as for some reason the atheists have come out of the wood work it seems like.

    My initial response was, I suppose, to use what you have termed classical apologetics to respond to them. I had studied some and knew all the arguments for God, etc. And I tossed them back like rocks in their direction. I discovered some things quickly, the most notable being that they didn’t seem to have much effect; in fact, it seems like they just fueled the debate more. There was not anything I could say that they did not have a response to counter it with.

    My whole approach to responding is shifting. I still argue from that standpoint some, mostly just to keep somebody stirred up so he will keep coming back for more; however, now I have discovered that simply presenting the truth of Scripture in response to any assault, is simpler for me and seems to somewhat quench opposing arguments..duh right? I’m not saying I don’t present Christianity in terms of logic and common sense, but always with God’s Word as the primary source.

    Then I started reading this series and in my mind just said…ahhhhhh…I get it! Thanks for your writings.

  3. Thank you, I enjoyed reading that. Faith has a logical, intellectual aspect to it, but then there is also the heart. One problem I see with apologetics is that is can easily become a presentation devoid of the love of Christ, the human element, the spiritual. This idea that one can reason their way to faith, seems almost irrational to me. Using logic, reason, and ancient Greek philosophers, to arrive at a place where you must lean not into your own understanding and remember faith is the substance of things hoped for, the evidence of things not seen??

    That said however, I really do like a couple of apologetics and I engage in it myself quite often. There is huge value there, for ourselves, for strengthening and understanding our own faith.

  4. I appreciate your call for apologist to be biblical, local church based and to be mature in their life and faith the past few years on your blog. I hope some of these young apologists will find this and be challenged and exhorted. I’m posting this on our next round up of Presuppositional apologetics’ links!

  5. God’s Word is sufficient for bringing the lost to faith in Christ Jesus as the Holy Spirit wields His Word in the heart and the mind of the sinner. Whether one is an atheist, persecutor of the church, false teacher, cultist, liberal, conservative, false brethren, all are sinners having the same need for faith in Christ Jesus. God by His Spirit convicts sinners of their sin before Him, of His just judgment and of the salvation that He freely offers and gives to them through faith in His Son Jesus Christ. Praise God that He is up to the task of saving sinners by His grace through what His glorious Son Jesus Christ has accomplished for us through His death on the cross and resurrection from the dead as we faithfully share the truth of God’s Word with lost sinners. God bless you:)

  6. Pingback: Articles on Apologetics and Evangelism | hipandthigh

  7. Pingback: Late December 2014 Presuppositional Apologetics’ Links | The Domain for Truth

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